drugs
Importance of Detox in a Medical Environment
October 13, 2017

Potential Effects of Drug and Alcohol Withdrawal

drug addiction

There are a number of symptoms that patients may experience, including nausea, vomiting, headaches, insomnia and anxiety. Opioid withdrawal may cause diarrhea, dehydration, vomiting and other effects. Severe cases of alcohol withdrawal have been known to sometimes cause life threatening conditions.

See the charts below for the full breakdown of the symptoms and side effects of withdrawal.

Alcohol

Effects to Self and Family

Effects to Body

Withdrawal Symptoms

Detox Protocol

  • Slows down thoughts, reflexes and actions
  • Altered perception
  • Mood-altering
  • Disinhibiting
  • Cardiovascular, Liver and kidney disease
  • Inflammatory to the GI tract
  • Neuropathy
  • Psychological disorders
  • Seizures
  • Anxiety or depression
  • Hallucinations, delirium
  • Tremors
  • Heart attacks, strokes
  • Can be life-threatening
  • Frequent assessment
  • Valium/Ativan, ancillary medications
Prescription Opioids

Benzodiazepine: Ambien/Ambien CR, Xanax, Librium, Serax, Dalmane, Restoril, Buspar, Sonata, Lunesta, Fioricet, Soma, Zolpidem, Chlordiazepate, Chlordiazepoxide, Klonopin, Tranxene, Valium, Ativan, Doral, Halcion, Rozerem

Effects to Self and Family

Effects to Body

Withdrawal Symptoms

Detox Protocol

  • Neglect of responsibilities i.e. work, home, school, children
  • Legal problems
  • No interest in doing normal things
  • Confusion, dizziness, poor short term memory
  • Mood swings
  • Poor judgment
  • Altered perception
  • Visual Changes
  • Danger operating machinery due to drowsiness
  • OD an emergency; signs may include nervous system changes, decreased vital signs, cold/clammy skin, bluish lips
  • Crankiness
  • Headaches
  • Bad dreams
  • Loss of libido; sexual dysfunction
  • Skin rashes
  • Weight gain
  • Menstrual problems
  • Depression
  • Seizures
  • Feeling nervous/tense
  • Confusion/depression
  • Fear, paranoia
  • Anxiety, panic
  • Changed senses
  • Shaking
  • Pain, stiffness, muscle aches, spasms
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Sleep difficulties
  • Valium/Ativan taper to reduce seizure risk, maximize comfort
  • Drug accumulates with prolonged, heavy use
  • Elderly more sensitive to benzos due to decreased liver, kidney function
Opiates

Opium, Hydromorphone, Oxymorphone, Heroin, Morphine, Oxycodone, Talwin, Codeine, Methadone, Meperidine, Hydrocodone, Vicodin, Percocet, Percodan, Lortabs, Norco

Effects to Self and Family

Effects to Body

Withdrawal Symptoms

Detox Protocol

  • Damage to internal organs after long-term use
  • Depression of body processes and central nervous system
  • Cognitive decline
  • Strong psychic dependence; high risk of cross-addiction
  • Intense cravings
  • Nausea, vomiting, constipation
  • Drowsiness, tiredness
  • Decreased libido
  • Respiratory depression
  • Seizures
  • Dizziness
  • Weakness
  • Loss of consciousness, coma
  • Confusion, clouding of mental function
  • Cold, clammy skin
  • Reduced vision
  • Extremely uncomfortable/frightening
  • Recurring symptoms over a longer period of time than other detox because excretion more gradual
  • Persistent
  • Most challenging detox
  • Use of Buprenorphine, ancillary medications
  • Push fluids, exercise, rest, nutrition
  • Managing anxiety/sleep issues
  • Relaxation techniques
  • Biofeedback
  • Support from various staff/peers
  • Learning new skills/developing supports to deal with symptoms, cravings
  • Participation in program encouraged soon as able
  • Work together with staff to achieve maximum comfort
Cocaine or Crack

Effects to Self and Family

Effects to Body

Withdrawal Symptoms

Detox Protocol

  • Sudden mood swings
  • Increased risk of suicide and violence towards others
  • Damage to central nervous system
  • Anxiety, paranoia
  • Skin irritability
  • Heart attacks, heart failure
  • Respiratory problems, failure
  • Malnourishment
  • Can be fatal
  • High incidence of stroke, seizure, respiratory failure, MI, convulsions, death, aggression, suicide, hallucinations
  • Baclofen, ancillary medications
Marijuana

Effects to Self and Family

Effects to Body

Withdrawal Symptoms

Detox Protocol

  • Decreased motivation
  • Poor performance at work, school
  • Poor communication due to difficulty focusing
  • Isolation from others due to mood/behavior changes
  • Gateway drug
  • Altered perception
  • Fertility issues
  • Increased heart rate and blood pressure
  • Decreased appetite
  • Kills brain cells and damages central nervous system
  • Damage to immune system
  • Difficulty forming/ recollecting memories
  • Withdrawal is not dangerous
  • Increased appetite
  • Mood fluctuations
  • Assessment and testing for permanent damage
  • No detox medications needed
Methamphetamines

Effects to Self and Family

Effects to Body

Withdrawal Symptoms

Detox Protocol

  • Family, financial, legal, job loss, school
  • Irritable, hostile, violent
  • Confrontational personality
  • Increase in risky sexual behaviors
  • Increased risk of sexually transmitted/blood-borne viruses i.e., Hepatitis B, C, HIV
  • Permanent damage to body even if stop i.e., teeth
  • Violent mood swings i.e. depression/insomnia to anxiety/paranoia
  • Brain damage to the dopamine system
  • Gateway drug
  • Similar to that of cocaine and other stimulants
  • Anxiety, sleep issues
  • Depression
  • Detox medications similar to those used for cocaine and other stimulants
Barbiturates

Brevital, Pentothal, Surital, Amytal, Nembutal, Seconal, Tuinal, Fiorinal, Butisol, Lotusate, Alurate, Luminal, Mebaral

Effects to Self and Family

Effects to Body

Withdrawal Symptoms

Detox Protocol

  • Behavior disturbances
  • Dulled effect
  • Cognitive changes
  • Dependence primarily psychic, affecting the mind/CNS
  • Cross addiction
  • Unpredictable, frightening, may be life-threatening
  • Detox with Valium/Ativan and ancillary medications

If you or someone you love may be suffering from an addiction, don’t hesitate to call for help today. Get the recovery process started to build a new successful life!

Compass Detox utilizes a 40-bed capacity, spread out over our 18,000 square foot top-of-the-line facility. We’re located in Pembroke Pines, Florida, just 30 minutes outside of Miami. A wide range of high-end amenities are available to our visitors during every step of the detox process. We want you to be comfortable and cared for while you’re here.

For more information, please call us at (954) 505-5550