QUALITY TREATMENT & CARE
Cocaine has enjoyed a wonderful reputation in movies, business, and art throughout most of its existence. That reputation has given it a “safe” feel. Don’t be fooled by pop culture. At Compass Detox, we’ve seen what sort of impact a cocaine addiction can have on you, your family, your career, your entire life. Compass is a leading cocaine detox center, ready to help you tackle this addiction, overcome it, and begin a sober life.
Cocaine is a substance derived from the leaves of the coca plant. Illicit forms of the substance include a white powder as well as a freebase, crystalline solid known as crack cocaine. The various forms of the drug can be smoked, snorted, and injected. Though pharmaceutical cocaine (cocaine hydrochloride solution) has historically been used as a local anesthetic and vasoconstrictor during certain surgical procedures, illicit supplies of the drug and its prevalent abuse far outweigh such legitimate medical uses. Since cocaine has a high abuse potential but some medical use, the substance is listed as a Schedule II controlled substance.
At certain doses, cocaine causes a massive sense of euphoria. Its interaction with our brain’s reward system leads to a powerful reinforcement of use that contributes to its widespread abuse across a number of demographics.
Consistent abuse of cocaine often leads to significant physiological dependence and the development of an addiction.
When you become addicted to cocaine you put yourself at risk of many unwanted physical and mental health effects and decreased well-being. As the negative health effects add up, the cocaine addict may wish to quit using; however, the associated physiological cocaine addiction symptoms can make this process challenging, to say the least. Not only will the individual likely encounter strong cravings for more cocaine, but they may also have to endure a period of discomfort and distress. Called acute cocaine withdrawal, the effects associated with abruptly quitting cocaine, though different for each person, can be quite unpleasant, especially without proper care. Compass Detox’s team of skilled medical and therapeutic professionals are well versed in cocaine detox and the various stages that go along with that. We’re ready to ensure that your cocaine addiction ends, and that the withdrawal process is as comfortable as possible.
What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Cocaine Abuse?
Potential, observable signs and symptoms of cocaine abuse include the following:
-Euphoria -Irritability -Inappropriate anger -Paranoia -Impaired judgment -Restlessness -Inability to sleep -Hypersensitivity to sight, sound, touch -Dilated pupils -Gastrointestinal complications, including abdominal pain and nausea
-Poor appetite and weight loss -Muscular weakness -Increased body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure -Cardiovascular events, including arrhythmias, sudden cardiac arrest, and stroke -Neurological effects, including headache, tremor, seizures, and coma
Bursts of energy followed by “crashes” that include depression, anxiety, irritability, and other negative emotions are also part of cocaine abuse, especially when they occur together with the other symptoms. When coming down from a cocaine high, some users may experience suicidal thoughts or exhibit suicidal behaviors.
Though acute cocaine withdrawal syndrome may present differently across individuals, many people experience more psychological or emotional issues rather than severe physical symptoms. During detoxification, someone may experience the following:
-Strong cocaine cravings -Exhaustion and lethargy -Slowed movements and thoughts -Impaired memory -Low mood/depression -Anhedonia (diminished ability to derive pleasure from previously enjoyable activities) -Poor attention and concentration
-Insomnia -Anxiety -Restlessness/agitation -Paranoia and confusion -Hallucinations -Vivid dreams -Irritability -Increased appetite -Dehydration -Chills
Someone who has regularly abused cocaine is at risk of experiencing these uncomfortable and potentially dangerous withdrawal symptoms. But, sometimes, even casual abusers will experience these symptoms as well.
How Long Does Detox Last?
The detoxification process and the precise timeline for accompanying withdrawal is somewhat unpredictable depending on many individual differences related to cocaine addiction. Cocaine withdrawal symptoms will often emerge within 24 hours after the last use and continue for between 3 and 5 days, although some symptoms may persist for weeks.
Three Phase Detox
One model of cocaine detox separates the process into three phases:
- The crash: Cocaine’s effects are quite short acting. Following a period of heavy use, a “crash” may be experienced with symptoms of exhaustion, increased hunger, depression, anxiety, and irritability. This can last for a few days.
- Withdrawal: Following the crash, the withdrawal phase can last for 10 weeks and include symptoms like lethargy, cocaine cravings, poor concentration, mood swings, and irritability.
- Extinction: The final phase, extinction can last for 6 months after last use with low mood and some cravings.
Chronic cocaine users may also experience what’s known as a post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS) that persists long after their last use. PAWS may include protracted withdrawal symptoms like poor impulse control and difficulty regulating emotions.
What Are the Effects of Withdrawal?
Though cocaine withdrawal may not pose the same pronounced physical risks as acute alcohol or sedative withdrawal, there are some potential complications. The most serious hazards of cocaine detox include the following:
- Cardiovascular issues: Any stimulant abuse puts additional strain on the heart. With heavy use, problems may arise during detox like heart attack, stroke, or irregular heartbeat.
- Seizures may be a complication of active stimulant abuse but may continue throughout the withdrawal period.
- Mental health risks: Perhaps the most significant health effects of cocaine detox involve the individual’s mental health.
- Depression: The level of negative thoughts can be profound. Depression may lead to suicide, especially in an individual with established depressive disorders.
- Violence: During the period of agitation, confusion, paranoia, and hallucinations, a person can lash out violently against strangers or loved ones.
- Cravings: The strength of cocaine cravings throughout detox can result in relapse.
It is our goal at Compass to ensure that your recovery from cocaine addiction will be as smooth as possible. And, with our personalized treatment plans, we will be ready to take on any withdrawal symptom, or recovery issue moving forward.
When it comes to cocaine, or any other addiction, Compass is ready to stand by you, help you get clean, and give you the tools to maintain your sobriety and get back to life. Call us today!